The corresponding number appears outside of the sentence. Overdrawn footnotes, with in-depth explanations, are off putting. Musical illustrations are labeled Example usually abbreviated Ex. General formatting requirements include recommendations on paper and margin sizes, options as to the choice of typeface, the spacing and indentation of text, pagination, and the use of titles.
This format is sometimes called hanging indention, and you can set your writing program to create it automatically for a group of paragraphs.
A table is usually labeled Table, given an arabic numeral, and titled. Include the citation for a reference or quote. Begin your Footnote citations four lines quadruple space below your text. To avoid confusion between notes to the text and notes to the table, designate notes to the table with lowercase letters rather than with numerals.
Kennedy and Dana Gioia. Creating in-text citations using the eighth edition The in-text citation is a brief reference within your text that indicates the source you consulted. Many examples of works cited references are illustrated on this page, but not all possible references are included.
Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. More in the Style Center. Note that the entry begins with the government federal or state followed by the agency issuing the document. Electronic Submission There are at present no commonly accepted standards for the electronic submission of research papers.
Running Head with Page Numbers Number all pages consecutively throughout the research paper in the upper right-hand corner, half an inch from the top and flush with the right margin.
End this element with a period. If you are checking a printout and find a mistake, reopen the document, make the appropriate revisions, and reprint the corrected page or pages.
Electronic Submission There are at present no commonly accepted standards for the electronic submission of research papers.
The list contains the same running head as the main text. Any other type of illustrative visual material—for example, a photograph, map, line drawing, graph, or chart—should be labeled Figure usually abbreviated Fig.
Formatting requirements for specific elements include the ordering and formatting of content in the front matter, main matter textand back matter of a work. Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no. Often time, editors will suggest that additional information be included in parenthesis.
Gender and Race in Nineteenth-century Protestantism. They do not find all errors and sometimes label correct material as erroneous. Electronic Submission Margins Except for the running head see belowleave margins of one inch at the top and bottom and on both sides of the text. Journal Article Hadfield, Andrew.
Work Cited Said, Edward W. Chapter from a Book Purtill, Richard. The container may also be a television series, which is made up of episodes. Citing an article in a subscription database Rollin, Lucy. Pyotr Ilich Tchaikovsky, Symphony no.
If the caption of a table or illustration provides complete information about the source and the source is not cited in the text, no entry for the source in the works-cited list is necessary.
Prior to using footnotes to further reference sources, ask your teacher how you should be citing sources and if footnotes are required. More in the Style Center. Text Formatting Always choose an easily readable typeface Times New Roman is just one example in which the regular type style contrasts clearly with the italic, and set it to a standard size, such as 12 points.
Corrections and Insertions on Printouts Proofread and correct your research paper carefully before submitting it. Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig. Double-space between the title and the first entry. Placement of the List of Works Cited The list of works cited appears at the end of the paper, after any endnotes.
Double-space throughout; use dividing lines as needed fig.
Double-space the entire research paper, including quotations, notes, and the list of works cited.A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations is a style guide for writing and formatting research papers, theses, and dissertations and is published by the University of Chicago Press.
The work is often referred to as "Turabian" (after the work's original author, Kate L. Turabian) or by the shortened title, A Manual for Writers. 3 Summer Create a Works Cited or Bibliography page using the MLA style.
Bibliography Gibaldi, Joseph. The MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. Two kinds of notes are suitable with the parenthetical citations used in MLA style Sample Papers in MLA Style The following two sample research papers are typical of the papers that might be submitted in different kinds of courses.
About the OWL The RSCC OWL was born June 5, It's among the oldest (and wisest) OWLs. The Modern Language Association, the authority on research and writing, takes a fresh look at documenting sources in the eighth edition of the MLA Handbook.
Works are published today in. For the most complete information, check your campus library or writing center for the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 8th ed.Download